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Swine genomics to help improve the industry's productivity

Wednesday, March 30, 2016 06:24 AM    Views : 440by:Livestock Research Division, DOST-PCAARRD

Commercial pigs in their pen (Photo from the Livestock Research Division, DOST-PCAARRD)

In other swine-producing countries, the application of gene markers that are associated to economically important traits has resulted in significant improvement in the number of pigs produced and consequently the hog liveweight produced per sow per year.

In the Philippines, the application of gene marker was developed by the Philippine Carabao Center and Bureau of Animal Industry in partnership with the Accredited Swine Breeders Association of the Philippines for the program "Private-public partnership in the application of animal genomics to increase productivity and improve efficiency of the Philippine swine industry."

The adoption of the gene marker technology by the swine breeder farms is expected to increase productivity and efficiency in terms of number of pigs weaned and liveweight produced per sow per year.

A sow feeding its young pigs (Photo from the Livestock Research Division, DOST-PCAARRD)

Sixteen gene marker protocls associated to high litter size and sperm quality, fast growth rate, meat quality, disease resistance, and genetic defects were developed. Moreover, three gene markers for fast growth rate and meat quality are currently being optimized.

The research and development (R&D) initiatives for swine aim to increase pigs produced per sow per year by 4.6 piglets, which is equivalent to an additional 460 kilograms of hog liveweight or a 25?30% increase in pork production without increasing the breeder pig population.

It also hopes to capacitate the private swine group in establishing and operating its laboratory to cater to the needs of the local swine industry.

Funded by the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST-PCAARRD), the program has two component projects: 1) Development and application of microsatellite markers in selecting genes for prolificacy and other positive traits of swine and 2) Development and application of microsatellite markers in selecting disease resistance genes and screening of genetic defects of swine. The project is monitored by Dr. Synan S. Baguio Dr. Synan S. Baguio Dr. Synan S. Baguio Officer-in-charge, Livestock Research Division, DOST-PCAARRD , the officer-in-charge of the Livestock Research Division (LRD) of the Council.

S & T Trivia

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In October 26, 1905, the Philippine Commission passed Act No. 1407 reorganizing and expanding the Bureau of Government Laboratories into the erstwhile Bureau of Science.

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